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GLAUCOMA-A Blinding Disease

GLAUCOMA-A BLINDING DISEASE

  • Glaucoma is A serious eye disease, which can lead to blindness, if not detected early and treated promptly.
  • Glaucoma is caused by increased pressure of liquid (aqueous humor) inside the eye.
  • This is how it happens. Aqueous humor produced continuously in the eye drains out regularly through exit channels.
  • This fluid maintains the shape of the eye so that it can function well visually.
  • If the flow of the fluid is obstructed, the pressure within the eye, which is known as intra-ocular pressure, increases.
  • This increased pressure may damage the fibres of the optic nerve at the back of the eye which sends message to the brain.
  • The intra-ocular pressure is measured by instrument called tonometer.
  • Ophthalmoscope is used to assess the optic nerve.

WHEN INTRA OCULAR PRESSURE IS HIGH

  • The damage to optic nerve may take place slowly and without the patient knowing about it.
  • As more and more nerve fibres are damaged, the patient can only see objects straight ahead.
  • He cannot see the objects on the sides.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

The patient usually over the age of forty, may have dull pain around the eye, particularly after staying in a dark room such as cinema hall and seeing an exciting movie or hearing a shocking news.

  • See rainbow color rings around the bulb or diya.
  • Blurring of vision
  • Headache or severe pain in the eye
  • .
  • Difficulty to see in darkness
  • Very frequent changes of glasses without any apparent benefit.

BE AWARE OF THE ABOVE SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

If you have ------
  • A blood relative with glaucoma.
  • Diabetes
  • Used cortisone medication

GLAUCOMA AT BIRTH

  • Glaucoma can be treated if detected early.
  • The treatment can be by medicine or surgery.
  • Remember that the vision lost cannot be regained.
  • Hence early detection is important.

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