Diabetic Retinopathy

What is Diabetic Retinopathy?

Diabetic retinopathy is the damage that is caused to the blood vessels of your retina( light sensitive screen at the back of your eye) because of diabetes.

What causes Diabetic Retinopathy?

Unnaturally high sugar ( glucose ) remains in your blood due to diabetes and damages your blood vessels including those supplying the retina.
In the early stages (background, there is bulging of the blood vessels ( called microaneurysms) and leaking of blood ( called haemorrhage) and fluid ( exudates) from the damaged blood vessels. In the advanced stages( proliferative ), there is the development of abnormal new blood vessels.

Don’t let Diabetes Steal your Sight!

Diabetes can lead to Diabetic Retinopathy causing vision disturbances such as:

Dark Spots In Vision
Blurry Vision
Impaired colour Vision
  • Diabetes can cause Diabetic retinopathy, which is the leading cause of blindness among diabetes
  • Studies have shown that 78% of diabetes will develop Diabetic Retinopathy after 15 years of having diabetes
  • Get your eyes tested for Diabetic Retinopathy at least once a year Blindness or vision loss due to Diabetic Retinopathy is preventable.

Contact our specialist for more information on the Diabetic Retinopathy screening test

Emergency Cases


Your treatment plan is designed for steady progress, with every phase promptly implemented.

What are the risk factors?

  • Longer duration of diabetes
  • Uncontrolled High Sugars
  • High Cholesterol
  • High blood pressure
  • Smoking
  • Pregnancy

What are the symptoms of Diabetic Retinopathy?

  • Blurry vision
  • Fluctuations in vision.
  • Spots or strings floating in your field vision
  • Difficulty in colour perception
  • Shadows in your vision
  • Vision loss

What are the symptoms of Diabetic Retinopathy?

In the early stages, you may only require regular monitoring by your eye doctor with strict control of your blood sugars.

In the advanced stages surgery is usually required :

  • Focal laser treatment/photocoagulation in slow down or stop the leakage of fluid or blood into your eye.
  • Scatter Laser Treatment / Pan- retinal Photocoagulation to shrink and scar the abnormal blood vessels.
  • Vitrectomy is used to remove blood from the vitreous as well as scar tissues in your eye.


I do not have any symptoms. Do I still need an eye – check?

It is very common for you to have diabetic retinopathy and no symptoms in the initial stages. This is why regular eye examination is very important. Adult-onset( type 2 )diabetes should be evaluated at the time of diagnosis and every year thereafter while juvenile (type 1 diabetes) should be examined 5 years after diagnosis and every year after that.

Is diabetic retinopathy curable?

No there is no cure. Early treatment can definitely slow the progress of your disease and even prevent blindness by 90%, but it is not likely to reverse the loss of vision that has already occurred.

What precautions can I take?

Keep a check on your ABCs: A1C(HbA1Cwhich is a measure of your blood glucose), Blood Pressure and Cholesterol.

  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Quit Smoking
  • Take your medicines as prescribed
  • Regular eye examination

My child is diabetic. Is she likely to develop Retinopathy?

Children usually do not develop vision-threatening retinopathy until puberty or older. Most people do not develop diabetic retinopathy until they had diabetes for a minimum of 10 years. Also, improper management of diabetes now could predispose her eyes to retinopathy at a later date. Hence, she should have regular eye tests from the age of 12 years.

Do I need an eye check even if my diabetes is so mild as to only need diet control?

Yes, your risk is only slightly decreased if your diabetes is controlled with diet only. Also, you may have had diabetes much earlier than you realized which could raise your risks. Some people go on to develop retinopathy even with control of their sugars.

Our Diabetic Retinopathy Technology