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What is Diabetic Retinopathy ?

Diabetes is a fairly common disease that interferes with the body's ability to use and store sugar. Diabetes can cause many health problems especially when it is severe and not in control. One of the serious conditions caused by diabetes is called Diabetic Retinopathy.

Diabetic retinopathy is the most common diabetic eye disease and a cause of blindness and it found mostly in adults. Diabetes Retinopathy is caused by changes in the blood vessels of the retina. Diabetic Retinopathy is one of the most common causes of blindness and is a disease affecting the Retina of the eye. Retina us the delicate, light sensitive Lining of the back of the eye.

Diabetic Retinopathy can weaken and cause changes in the small retinal blood vessels. In some people with diabetic retinopathy, blood vessels may then begin to leak or swell or develop brush like branches.This deterioration of the retinal blood vessels is causes hindrance in the supply of oxygen and nutrients needed by the retina to remain healthy. Early stages of this condition may cause symptoms like blurred vision.As the disease progresses, You may not confirm to change your eye vision but after or over time diabetic retinopathy disease can get worse and you may lose your vision and it usually affects on both eyes. But usually Diabetic Retinopathy doses not produce visual symptoms strong enough to get noticed.

Diabetic retinopathy has four different stages:

Mild Nonproliferative Retinopathy : This is the earlist stage and microaneurysms occur. They are small areas of balloon-like swelling in the retina's tiny blood vessels.
Moderate Nonproliferative Retinopathy. As the disease progresses, the retina are blocked due to some blood vessels and it affects on eye vision and lose your eye vision.
Severe Nonproliferative Retinopathy. At this stage of disease many more blood vessels are blocked, These areas of the retina send signals to the body to grow new blood vessels for nourishment, which weak your eye vision more.
Proliferative Retinopathy. At this advanced stage, the retina send signal to body for nourishment trigger the growth of new blood vessels. This is called proliferative retinopathy. These blood vessels do not cause symptoms or vision loss. However, they have thin, fragile walls. If they leak blood, severe vision loss and even blindness can result.

 As the name suggests, only the diabetics suffer from diabetic retinopathy. With the increase in the duration of diabetes, risk of developing diabetic retinopathy also increases.

It is observed that about 80% of the people suffering from diabetes for more that fifteen years do have some severe and uncontrolled diabetes, fluctuating blood sugar levels, high blood pressure all conditions which predispose a diabetic to develop changes in the retina.
Pregnancy and high blood pressure may aggravate Diabetic Retinopathy. It is very important to know that the retina gets affected adversely when the blood sugar level comes down quickly.
It is extremely important that diabetics do not panic when their blood sugar level goes up. Wide fluctuations in the blood sugar levels be avoided at any cost.
Diabetic Retinopathy occurs at a younger age in juvenile diabetics. These are diabetics who have been diagnosed with the condition during their childhood or teenage years.
Smoking, obesity and having a high cholesterol level can also increase the level of risk diabetic. If you are a smoker then it may make retinopathy worst more so you should avoid smoking .

  First of all you should stop smoking if you are a smoker cause it may worst retinopathy.

  • You must well controlled your blood sugar level and to control level of blood sugar in your body, you need to lose your weight or maintain it and your diet should be balanced and eat only healthy diet. You can also do exercise in daily base and do running because it will keep you healthy and keep control your blood sugar level too. You can also take medicine if you need.
  • Your blood pressure level are also in controlled.
  • What is the procedure for detection of diabetic retinopathy?
  • Regular eye-checkup for Diabetic Retinopathy is a must for all diabetic patients. However, Diabetic Retinopathy even in a serious form can be present without any symptoms.
  • Normally an Opthalmoscope is used for examining the inner parts of the eye.

 Most of the visual loss from Diabetic Retinopathy can be prevented, provided it is diagnosed early. But once the damage has occurred, the effects are usually irreversible.

  • It is quite common for a diabetic patient to have good vision without any realization of the changes happening in the retina. These changes if left untreated could lead to sudden blindness due to bleeding.
  • Thus, it is extremely important for every in order to detect the presence and extent of Diabetic Retinopathy.
  • Treatment can prevent loss of eye vision and blindness in most cases

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