At times due to stress or not getting enough sleep the eyes can look swollen. But, if the swollen eyelids are causing pain or trouble then you need to consult health care professionals. In some cases, the swollen eyelids might not show symptoms. In this guide, we have mentioned in detail about the swollen eyelids.
What are swollen eyelids?
The swelling of the eyelid occurs when there is inflammation or fluid in the connective tissues surrounding the eyes. This condition may or may not be painful but it can affect both eyelids. The swollen eye is caused by different reasons which include:
- Eye injury
- Eye infection
*Note: The most important thing is to avoid rubbing the eyes continuously as it can make the condition worse.
Symptoms of swollen eyelids
Swollen eyelids symptoms are caused by underlying conditions like allergies or infections. It might have one or more symptoms which are mentioned below:
- Eye irritation like the itchy or scratchy sensation
- Sensitivity to light (photophobia)
- Eyelid dryness
- Red eyes and inflammation of the conjunctiva
- Eye discharge
- Excess tear production, resulting in watering eyes
- Obstructed vision (depending on the swelling)
- Redness of the eyelid
- Pain when swollen eyelids are due to infection
Causes of swollen eyes
The swelling of the eyelids is caused by different factors which can be mild to extremely severe.
Eye allergy occurs when the immune system overreacts with the foreign substance which is known as allergens. Some of the common forms of allergens are:
- Pet dander
- Certain eye drops
- Lens solution
During eye allergy, the eye releases chemicals named as mediators which protect the eye from allergies. One of them is histamine which makes the blood vessels dilate, swell, and the eye gets red & watery.
Conjunctivitis is the inflammation of the clear lining of the eye surface. It is also called pink eye. It can have symptoms like red, itchy and watery eyes.
A chalazion occurs due to blocked meibomian gland and develops away from the edge of the eyelid. It can result in swollen eyelids and the affected area is tender.
Any kind of trauma to the eye surface can result in swollen eyes as well as inflammation.
Treatment of swollen eyes
The treatment depends on the underlying cause of the swollen eyelids. You can get eye drops to help you get relief from the symptoms. In case over-the-counter eye drops do not help or the symptoms are getting worse then schedule your appointment for the eye examination.