What is Retinal Detachment?
Retinal Detachment is a condition where a layer of the retina (the screen at the back of your eye) gets separated from the layer that contains blood vessels, leaving the retina without oxygen and nutrients, thus putting your eye at risk of permanent vision loss.
What causes Retinal Detachment?
- Holes or tears occur in your retina which leads to the leaking of eye fluids and separation of your retina from the underlying tissues. These tears can be caused by trauma, severe nearsightedness or separation of the gel inside your eye.
- A pull on your retina may also occur if you have long-standing inflammation. Uncontrolled diabetes or scarring on your retina after a previous surgery.
What are the symptoms of Retinal Detachment?
- Flashes or streaks of light.
- Floaters or semi-transparent or cloudy specks in your vision. Entire comes is transplanted.
- Falling or blurry vision.
- A grey shadow on your peripheral field of vision.
What is the treatment for Retinal Detachment?
- Photocoagulation in which laser is used to form tiny burns around your retinal tear which later forms scars and seal the retina.
- Cryotherapy where intense cold is applied to freeze the retina around the tear and form scars.
- Pneumatic Retinopexy in which a small gas bubble is placed in your eye that helps to push your retinal tear against the back wall of your eye.
- Scleral buckle in which a flexible band is placed your eye to counteract the force that is pulling your retina out of shape.
- Vitrectomy in which the vitreous gel which is tugging on your, is removed from your eye.
If my retinal detachment occurred after an eye surgery, does it mean that the surgeon made a mistake?
No, retinal tears can occur even after eye surgery has been performed at the highest levels of excellence and without any complications. This complication may be related to the normal alterations that occur in the jelly during or after an eye surgery.
I wear spectacles with numbers of -6.2 D in both my eyes. Do I Need to see a doctor even if my vision has been stable in the last 5 years and I have no problems?
Yes, if you have glasses more than 6 diopters (called a high myope) it puts you at a greater risk than others to develop a retinal examination to look for any early signs at least once a year.
I was operated recently for a retinal detachment in my left eye. Do I have a Change of developing it in my right eye too?
Yes, unfortunately. the chances of retinal detachment are increased in the other eye after one eye suffer it due to a condition like a lattice degeneration. You can help prevent it by regular eye examination and taking care of any predisposing conditions in your normal eye. if however, one eye suffers a retinal detachment after an injury, then the chances are not raised I your other eye.
Will I be able to see better immediately after my surgery?
Your improvement in vision after surgery depends on the type of surgery. Your vision will be blurry for many weeks sometimes, even months . The outcome also depends on a number of factor like if your macula was detached (rare for central vision to return) or if new holes develop (is seen in 5-9% of people).
In a scleral buckle surgery, does the buckle need to be removed?
Once a social bucks is stitched into the wall of your eye. It stays there forever. It cannot be seen by other and causes no serious problems. However, in rare instances, it may have to be concerned if it causes pain or removed if it causes infection.